TRADE Policy Analysis (TPA) Programme

 

Background

The successful completion of the Uruguay Round Agreement in 1993 and the establishment of the WTO in 1995 was expected to have crucial implications for countries such as Bangladesh. In the 1990s Bangladesh economy was becoming increasingly open, and the impact of globalisation unleashed, not in the least by establishment of the WTO, was being increasingly felt in the economy.

The scope of world trading system, both in its depth and breadth was deepened and broadened by inclusion of a number of areas during the Uruguay Round including agriculture and services. Accordingly, the Uruguay Agreements were expected to have important ramifications for the trade dependent economy of Bangladesh. The new areas of trade negotiations with concomitant changes in legal and administrative structures included rule making and rule breaking under the WTO and meant that countries such as Bangladesh had to undertake significant responsibilities in trade related areas for which they were not prepared adequately. At the same time, these countries were also not adequately prepared to make the best use of the opportunities that emerged from the new global trading regime. On both these counts they required help from the global community. Addressing the emerging issues required substantive capacity building efforts both in building infrastructure as well as human capacity building in appropriate policy making agencies in the LDCs. The Doha Ministerial Meeting of the WTO reemphasized the need for adequate preparedness of LDCs such as Bangladesh in dealing with trade related issues. The Doha Development Agenda requires that all countries prepare for negotiations on the agreements and work programmes under the DDA. The home work includes understanding of the agreements, drawing insights on the potential implications of each of the agreements in the short run as well as in the mid to long run and also exploring and realising the potential opportunities emanating from the various agreements

A lack of capacity to properly deal with the large number of emerging trade issues has severely handicapped Bangladesh’s trade policy making during the Uruguay Round. In addition, the stakeholder's perception about the possible implications of the Uruguay Round negotiations was also very vague. Compliance requirements and articulation of country position with respect to the ongoing and built-in agendas in the WTO negotiations demanded identification of appropriate modalities towards strengthened global integration of Bangladesh economy. This required major initiatives to raise national capacities at an accelerated pace, both at the level of design of trade related policies that Bangladesh developed and also at implementation level.

Taking cognisance of the above context, CPD in 1999 designed a programme titled Trade Policy Analysis to monitor the impact of WTO on Bangladesh economy with a view to support trade related capacity building in the country by strengthening CPD’s institutional capacity in the area of (a) trade related research, (b) preparation of policy briefs, (c) organisation of dialogues, (d) organisation of workshop and training, (e) strengthening trade related documentation and (f) trade related publication and networking.

Objectives

The objectives of the programme are as follows:

  • Strengthen Bangladesh’s capacity to address trade policy-related issues and design appropriate responses regarding emerging issues

  • Raise awareness of trade issues in government, civil society and the private sector

  • Strengthen the capacity of Bangladeshi researchers and policymakers to analyse, formulate and implement appropriate trade policies in the context of the WTO-governed trade regime

  • Greater access by CPD, Government of Bangladesh (GOB), private sector organisations and civil society groups to WTO documents, analysis of topical trade issues and current trade-related information

  • Enhance capacity of the GOB to negotiate on “new” trade issues at subsequent rounds of trade negotiations

Major Outputs

·         Monitoring reports documenting relevant trade statistics and changes in trade policies of other countries

·         Articles with interpretation of developments in the global trade regime

·         Policy briefs providing analysis of contemporary trade issues and specific policy recommendations to GOB and the private sector.

·         Strategic policy papers on major global issues as they relate to Bangladesh as a WTO member

The major projects under the CPD’s Trade Policy Analysis (TPA) Programme are:  

Trade Related Research and Policy Development (TRRPD) (Phase II)

In 2004, the CPD successfully negotiated a contract with the Canadian International Development Agency (CIDA) to continue its Trade Policy Project by signing a second phase titled Trade Related Research and Policy Development (TRRPD).

Duration: 2004 - 09 (On going)

Period: April 2005 – September 2005

Research Studies on Trade Issues

As per the work plan for 2005-6, during the period between April 2005 and September 2005 two research studies have been carried out.

Road to Hong Kong Ministerial of the WTO: Anticipating the “First approximations” from Bangladesh Perspective: This paper is the output of a Tracking Mission to Geneva undertaken by a group of CPD researchers to assess the ongoing WTO negotiations. The paper makes an analysis of the state of play of negotiations at the WTO under the Doha Round as of May 2005. It also takes stock of the emerging trends in various areas of negotiations and seeks to project the possible outcomes of the then upcoming General Council Meeting which was to be held in July 2005. It further anticipates the road map to the Hong Kong Ministerial and attempts to situate the interests and concerns of Bangladesh and other LDCs in this context. The research was published as an Occasional Paper and was shared with major stakeholders. This paper also served as an input for the LDC Civil Society Forum held in Dhaka during October 3 - 5, 2005.

Under the TRRPD work plan Professor Mustafizur Rahman, Research Director, CPD conducted a research study titled NAMA Negotiations in the WTO and Preference Erosion: Concerns of Bangladesh and Other Regional LDCs. The study attempts to make an estimate as regards the range of preferential erosion for Bangladesh given her current trade pattern and the range of preferential treatment enjoyed by her in developed countries markets. The paper concludes that for Bangladesh, the magnitude of preferential erosion could be quite substantial and that the reduced preference margin would undermine future competitiveness in some of the developed country markets. It was also noted that tariff reductions under NAMA would have positive implications for Bangladesh in the US Market where most of Bangladesh’s industrial goods do not currently enjoy GSP treatment. Thus, tariff reduction under NAMA is expected to have diverse implications for Bangladesh’s export of industrial goods. This paper also reviews some of the proposals that are being discussed to address the possible negative consequences of preference erosion for the LDCs.

Preparation of Policy Briefs

CPD has prepared four policy briefs during this period. Some of these policy briefs originated from ongoing research studies; others were prepared in view of the demands originating from the Ministry of Commerce.

v      Professor Mustafizur Rahman, Research Director and Wasel Bin Shadat, Senior Research Associate of CPD prepared a Policy Brief titled Bangladesh’s Priorities for Ingoing SAFTA Trade Liberalization Negotiations. The Brief identifies items for which Bangladesh should seek preferential market access under the SAFTA on a priorities basis.  

v      Dr. Debapriya Bhattacharya, Executive Director and Syed Saifuddin Hossain, Research Associate of CPD prepared the second Policy Brief titled A Note on the Recent Developments in the Doha Development Round (DDR) Negotiations. The brief details out the recent developments in the DDR negotiations with a view to provide policy inputs to the Government of Bangladesh.

v      Professor Mustafizur Rahman, Research Director and Asif Anwar, Research Associate of CPD prepared the third Policy Brief titled EU Sanctions on Import of Chinese Apparels: Implications for Bangladesh. The Brief argues that the cap on growth of Chinese exports of particular apparel categories to the EU market has important implications for Bangladesh. Since Bangladesh is exporting some of these same apparel categories to the EU market where China is the major competitor, capping of China’s export will create export opportunities for Bangladesh. The brief also identifies (based on analysis of price dynamics) the categories in which Bangladesh could strengthen its export in the EU market by taking advantage of the cap on Chinese Export.

Publications

Following occasional papers, policy briefs and dialogue reports were published under the TRRPD Programme during this period.

Occasional Paper

Occasional Paper No. 48          Preferential Market Access in the Canadian Market: Maximising Benefits for Bangladesh

Occasional Paper No. 49          Road to Hong Kong Ministerial of the WTO: Anticipating the “First Approximations” from

                                              Bangladesh Perspective

Occasional Paper No. 51          NAMA Negotiations in the WTO and Preference Erosion: Concerns of Bangladesh and

                                              Other Regional LDCs

Occasional Paper No. 52          Least Developed Countries in Trade Negotiations:  Planning Process and Information

                                              Needs

Occasional Paper No. 53          Agriculture in WTO July Package: Issues and Concerns for Bangladesh

 

CPD Trade Policy Brief Series:

Trade Policy Brief Series No 8:               Prioritisation of Bangladesh’s Sensitive List for SAFTA Negotiations.

Trade Policy Brief Series No 10:             A Note on the Recent Developments in the Doha Development Round

                                                           Negotiations

Trade Policy Brief Series No 11:             EU Sanctions on Import of Chinese Apparels: Implications for Bangladesh

Dialogue Report:

Dialogue Report No. 78                          Regionalism vs. Multilateralism: What Could Bangladesh Learn from the Global Experience.

Period: April 2004 – March 2005

Research Studies on Trade Issues

CPD’s Research Director Professor Mustafizur Rahman conducted a study on Everything but Arms Initiative of the EU (EU-EBA): Market Access Implications and Potential Benefits for Bangladesh. The paper looked at opportunities for export diversification in view of the market access initiative of the EU by analysing the degree of tariff preferences, competitive new factors, and NTBs. It came up with a number of suggestions to help Bangladesh realise the potential opportunities.  

The study on New Japanese GSP Schemes for LDCs and Bangladesh’s Export Opportunities was conducted by Dr. Ananya Raihan, Research Fellow, CPD. The paper identified new elements in the Japanese GSP schemes of 2001 and 2003. The study identified products which could take advantage of this market opportunity in view of the new schemes.

Both these studies analysed trade flow data at a highly disaggregated level to arrive at concrete suggestions on new market opportunities in the EU and Japan.

The study on Agriculture in WTO July Package: Issues and Concerns for Bangladesh was prepared by Dr. Uttam Kumar Deb, Research Fellow, CPD. The paper reviews the state of negotiations on agriculture and recent developments in the context of the July package. The study brings out the major points of contentions and analyses possible impacts of various negotiating proposals for Bangladesh’s agricultural sector and economy. The paper comes up with possible strategies for Bangladesh in view of the ongoing negotiations on agriculture in the WTO.

The study was titled Liberalizing Trade in Services: Negotiating Strategy for Bangladesh. The study was prepared by Dr. Ananya Raihan, Research Fellow, CPD. The study presents an analysis of a number of key issues in the context of the ongoing WTO negotiations on GATS from the perspective of Bangladesh’s interests and concerns. The study presents an overview of the current state of GATS negotiations, and analyses the offer and request lists in the context of the GATS. It looks at implications of the services negotiations for Bangladesh under various scenarios, and proposes possible negotiating strategies for Bangladesh.

Preparation of Policy Briefs

The objective of this component is to provide policy inputs to the government and also the private sector, on the basis of emerging needs in trade related issues. In preparing the policy briefs during the period under consideration, CPD had primarily addressed the needs expressed by the Ministry of Commerce. CPD has prepared seven policy briefs in this period:

·         Issues of Promotion, Diversification and Development of Bangladesh’s Export Sector: The policy brief on Issues of Promotion, Diversification and Development of Bangladesh’s Export Sector identified various steps and initiatives that Bangladesh would be required to undertake to strengthen her competitiveness in the global market. It comes up with a new generation of export support policies in Bangladesh which includes a package deal for Export-oriented RMG/Textile sector and stimulating technology transfer/upgradation within the sector, connecting SMEs with global market, use of Equity and Entrepreneurship Fund (EEF) and Venture Capital, creation of a trade portal, development of agro based export industry and to address Rules of Origin (RoO) and SPS-TBT related concerns.

 

·         Capacity Building in the Context of SAFTA Negotiations: Some Proposed Areas where Bangladesh could seek Technical Assistance: In view of the ongoing SAFTA negotiations, Bangladesh is required to identify areas where policy and action-oriented interventions will enable her to realise the potential opportunities and address the attendant risks originating from the SAFTA Agreement. The SAFTA framework envisages that four LDCs be provided with technical assistance by the three developing countries to augment domestic trade related capacities in the LDCs. The brief identified a number of areas where Bangladesh could seek technical assistance from the three developing member countries of the SAFTA including strengthening of trade facilitation measures and standardisation and certification related capacities.

 

·         Designing Rules of Origin for the SAFTA: Some Possible Options for Bangladesh: The  Policy brief on Designing Rules of Origin for the SAFTA: Some Possible Options for Bangladesh was prepared to feed the preparatory process of Bangladesh in the upcoming negotiations on the RoO under the SAFTA agreement. The policy brief provided suggestions as regards practice of RoO under various regional trading, and articulated possible formulae which could be suitable for Bangladesh in the context of her export basket, given the local value addition capacity in production of various goods.

 

·         Trade Negotiation on Temporary Movement of Natural Persons: A Strategy Paper for Bangladesh: Along with duty free and quota free market access for her products, Bangladesh also has strong interests in temporary movement of natural persons (TMNP). Given the importance of the issue of TMNP for Bangladesh, CPD prepared the policy brief on Trade Negotiations on Temporary Movement of Natural Persons: A Strategy Paper for Bangladesh which provided specific inputs, in term of identifying particular employment opportunities where access to labour market in the developed countries could be of high benefit to Bangladesh.

·         Comments on Bangladesh’s Proposal on Trade Facilitation in the WTO: Of the four ‘Singapore Issues’ Trade Facilitation was the one issue on which there was agreement to conduct negotiations in the WTO. The GOB drafted a proposal on modalities in the context of the negotiations on trade facilitation, which was informed by legitimate concerns of the LDCs. CPD studied the WTO text, reviewed Bangladesh’s proposals in this context and provided inputs to the GOB in a number of relevant areas. The GOB made use of the CPD inputs, revised the draft and forwarded it to Geneva, which was subsequently submitted by Bangladesh at the negotiations table.

·         Qatar’s Proposal to Include Natural Gas Related Products, as Environmental Goods: Ministry of Commerce, GoB, requested CPD to provide its inputs to Qatar’s above-mentioned proposal. As a gas-producing nation, Bangladesh has a keen interest in this issue. CPD made an analysis of the proposal submitted by Qatar. Based on this analysis CPD provided policy inputs to the Ministry of Commerce which helped Bangladesh to articulate her position on this very important issue in the WTO.   

·         WTO General Council Decision of July 31: Interpreting from Bangladesh Perspective: CPD regularly monitors the developments in the WTO trade negotiations. In this connection, it was critically important to analyse the July text of the WTO trade negotiations in Geneva, which put the Doha Round back on track. CPD made an indepth analysis of the various proposals of the July 31 Package and articulated Bangladesh’s interests in this regard. The Policy Brief also came up with suggestions as regards ways of improving the text of the July Package to reflect LDC concerns.

Trade Related Internship Programme  

In an effort to build CPD in-house capacity to analyse various trade issues, CPD sends two staffs each year to Canada to attend a Certificate Course on Commercial Diplomacy, which is conducted by the trade experts at Centre for Trade Policy and Law (CTPL). The duration of the course is five weeks.

Year

Name

Details

2004


Wasel Bin Sadat

Research Associate, CPD


Mr Syed Saifuddin Hossain

Research Associate, CPD

2003


Mr Kazi Mahmudur Rahman

Research Associate, CPD


Ms. Sharmin Farhana Rahman

Research Associate, CPD

2002


Dr. Ananya Raihan

Research Fellow,
CPD


Dr. Uttam Kumar Deb

Research Fellow,
CPD

 

Publication

Following occasional papers, dialogue reports and policy briefs were published under the TRRPD Programme during this period.

Occasional Paper

Occasional Paper No. 36            Trade Negotiations on Temporary Movement of Natural Persons: A Strategy Paper for

                                                Bangladesh

Occasional Paper No. 43            EU-EBA: Market Access Implications and Potential Benefits for Bangladesh

Occasional Paper No. 44            New Japanese GSP Schemes for LDCs and Bangladesh’s Export Opportunities

Occasional Paper No. 45            Dispute Settlement in the WTO: How Friendly is it for the LDC

Occasional Paper No. 46            WTO General Council Decision of July 31, 2004: Interpreting from Bangladesh

                                                Perspective

Occasional Paper No. 47            Liberalising Trade in Services: Negotiating Strategy for Bangladesh      

CPD Trade Policy Brief Series:

Trade Policy Brief Series No 1:                Some Proposals for promotion, diversification and development of

                                                             Bangladesh’s export sector.

Trade Policy Brief Series No 2:                Capacity Building in the context of SAFTA Negotiations: Some Proposed

                                                             Areas where Bangladesh could seek Technical Assistance 

Trade Policy Brief Series No 3:                Designing Rules of Origin for the SAFTA: Some Possible Options for

                                                            Bangladesh

Trade Policy Brief Series No 4:                Trade Negotiations on Temporary Movement of Natural Persons: A Strategy

                                                             Paper for Bangladesh

Trade Policy Brief Series No 5:                Comments on Bangladesh’s Proposal on Trade Facilitation in the WTO

                                                            Strategy Paper for Bangladesh   

Trade Policy Brief Series No 6:                Qatar’s Proposal to include Natural Gas related products, as

                                                             Environmental Goods

Trade Policy Brief Series No 7:                WTO General Council Decision of July 31: Interpreting from Bangladesh

                                                            Perspective    

Dialogue Reports:

Dialogue Report No. 72               Surviving in a Quota Free World: Will Bangladesh Make it?

Dialogue Report No. 73               In Search of New Products and New Markets for Bangladesh

Dialogue Report No. 75               Dispute Settlement in the WTO: How Friendly is it for the LDC

Trade Policy Analysis and Monitoring the Impacts of the WTO (Phase I)

Partners

The programme is located at the Centre for Policy Dialogue (CPD) and is supported through collaborative research and training, policy advice and an intranet at the Center for Trade Policy and Law (CTPL), Ottawa, Canada.

Duration: 2000-2003 (Completed)

Objectives and Scope of the Project

The major objectives of the project are as follows:

·         To identify the recent changes in global, regional and sub-regional trade regimes having significant implications for Bangladesh;

·         To analyse these changes to locate the areas of strength, weaknesses, opportunities and threats (SWOT) for the Bangladesh economy;

·         To provide inputs towards formulation of a strategic policy response at both national and firm levels.

·         To strengthen Bangladesh's capacity to address trade policy-related issues and design appropriate response regarding emerging issues.

·         To raise awareness in government, civil society and the private sector on trade issues.

·         Strengthen the capacity of Bangladeshi researchers and policymakers to analyse, formulate and implement appropriate trade policies in the context of the WTO-governed trade regime.

·         To ensure greater access by CPD, Government of Bangladesh (GOB), private sector organisations and civil society groups to WTO documents, analysis of topical trade issues and current trade related information.

·         To enhance the capacity of the GOB to negotiate on "new" trade issues at subsequent rounds of trade negotiations.

The scope of the project is defined by the shifting dynamics of the global trade regime which will be regularly monitored and systematically analysed to provide an upto-date picture. As such, within the purview of the objectives of the study, a rolling research agenda will be drawn up, keeping in focus the issues of immediate concern for Bangladesh.

The project aims to identify the implications of changes in the trade regime for Bangladesh's external sector performance at three levels, viz., (a) global; (b) regional; and (c) sub-regional. In doing so, Bangladesh's policy options as regards the emerging issues will be analysed from the perspective of both her WTO membership and her added responsibility as the leader of LDCs in the WTO. Given its dynamic nature, the project pursued a programme approach. It is expected that the conclusion of the project will coincide with sustainable institutionalisation of the programme.

Output

·         Monitoring reports documenting relevant trade statistics and change in trade policies of other countries.

·         Articles with interpretation of developments in the global trade regime.

·         Policy briefs providing analysis of contemporary trade issues and specific policy recommendations to GOB and the private sector.

·         Strategic policy papers on major global issues as they relate to Bangladesh as a WTO member.

Project Outputs

Research Studies

Year 2003-March 2004

·         Ongoing WTO Negotiations on Market Access: Bangladesh’s Concerns and Interests

·         WTO and Multilateral Investment Agreement: Reflecting Bangladesh’s Interests

·         Ongoing Negotiations on the GATS FSA: Bangladesh’s Concern and Position

Year 2002

·         Impact of Recent Deceleration in the Export Sector on Women Workers and Coping Strategies

·         Fourth Ministerial Meeting of the WTO and Issues of Interest to Bangladesh to More Meaningfully Participate in the Ongoing Negotiations in Geneva

·         Agreement on Agriculture: Its Impact on Bangladesh Economy

 Year 2001

·         Making the UN LDC III Work for Bangladesh: A Civil Society Perspective

·         Viability of Backward Linkage Activities in the Textile Sector of Bangladesh

·         WTO Doha Ministerial: Advancing Bangladesh’s Interests

Year 2000

·         Status of Implementation of WTO-ATC and Implications for Bangladesh

·         Making the Special and Differential Provisions of WTO Agreements Effective for the Least Developed Countries: Perspectives from Bangladesh

·         Setting the Agenda for the Next WTO Round: Perspective from Bangladesh on the Seattle Ministerial

·         South Asia in Multilateral Trading System: Current Position and Future Strategies

Policy Briefs

Year 2003-March 2004

·         Modalities for the Special Treatment of the LDCs

·         Common Strategy of the SAARC Countries on WTO Issues

·         Comments on Submission by Bangladesh on behalf of the LDCs to the Chairman of WTO Negotiations Group on Market Access

·         E-commerce Strategy for Bangladesh for Promoting Trade

·         Bangladesh’s strategy in view of Draft Cancun Ministerial Text (rev. 2)

·         Bangladesh’s Strategies for Post Cancun Negotiations

·         Interpreting Cancun:  Experience and Lessons for Bangladesh

·         Concept Note on Bangladesh National Trade Portal

·         US Anti-Dumping Actions Against Shrimp Products: Implications for Bangladesh Exporters (Prepared by CTPL)

Year 2002 

·         Outcome of the WTO Doha Ministerial and Implications for Bangladesh

·         Bangladesh –Canada Bilateral Trade: Status and some Market Access Proposals.

·         Cancun Ministerial: Exploring Issues of Bangladesh’s Interests and Revisiting Negotiating Strategies

·         Competition Policy and Investment: Perspectives on Bangladesh Strategy

·         Bilateral Free Trade Agreements in South Asia: A Comparative Reading of the Indo-Sri Lanka and the Indo-Nepal FTAs

·         Equity and Entrepreneurship Fund (EEF): A Review from the Perspective of Making it Work

·         South Asian Free Trade Area

Year 2001 

·         Enhanced Market Access for Bangladesh’s RMG Exports

·         Anti-Dumping Policy and Bangladesh: The Case of Bangladesh Shop Towel Exports to the US

·         China's Accession to WTO:  Consequences for Bangladesh's Export-Oriented RMG Sector

Year 2000

·         USA Trade and Development Act of 2000: A Response from Bangladesh Perspective

·         Seeking Fair Market Access for Bangladesh Apparels in the USA: A Strategic View

·         Bangladesh-EU Development Relationship: Major Features and Emerging Issues

·         Prospect for a New Round of the WTO: A Strategic Response from Bangladesh

 
Publications of Research Output

Trade Policy Books

·         Globalisation and LDC’s: Perspectives From South Asia (2002)

·         Phasing Out of Apparel Quota: Addressing Livelihood Concerns in Bangladesh

Trade Policy Occasional Paper Series

Year 2003-2004

Paper 25: Bangladesh's Access to the Canadian Market: Implementation to the new Canadian LDC Initiative and Prospects of Export Diversification (March, 2003).

Paper 26: Impact of Recent Deceleration in the Export Sector on Women Workers and Coping Strategies (July 2003).

Paper 25: Initiative and Prospects for Export Diversification (March 2003)

Paper 23: Trade Liberalisation and the Crop Sector in Bangladesh (June 2003)

Paper 27: Interpreting Cancun: Experience and Lessons for Bangladesh (December 2003)

Paper 28: Bangladesh's Strategies for Post Cancun Negotiations (December 2003)

Paper 36: Trade Facilitation Negotiations in the WTO: Implications for Bangladesh and Other Least Developed Countries (December 2003)

Paper 33: Ongoing Negotiations on the GATS FSA: Bangladesh's Concerns and Position (December 2003)

Paper 34: Ongoing WTO Negotiations and Bangladesh's Interests: Insights from CPD's October 2002 Tracking Mission to Geneva (December 2003)

2002

Paper 14: Promoting Bangladesh's Interest in the Fourth WTO Ministerial (February, 2002).

Paper 15: The Ongoing WTO Negotiations On Agriculture: Issues and Options for Bangladesh (February, 2002).

Paper 19:China's Accession to the WTO: Consequences for Bangladeshi Export-Oriented RMG Sector (December, 2002).

2001

Paper 13: Making the Special and Differential Provisions of WTO Agreements Effective for the Least Developed Countries: Perspectives from Bangladesh (December, 2001).

2000

Paper 3: Setting the Agenda for the Next WTO Round: Perspectives from Bangladesh on the Seattle Ministerial (January, 2000).

Paper 5: Bangladesh-EU Development Relationship: Major Features and Emerging Issues (July, 2000).

Paper 6: USA Trade and Development Act 2000: A Response from Bangladesh Perspective (July, 2000).

Paper 7: Experience with Implementation of WTO-ATC and Implications for Bangladesh (September 2000).

Paper 8: The WTO, ATC and Textiles and Clothing in A Global Perspective: What's in it for Bangladesh? (September, 2000).

Paper 9: Regional Cumulation Facility Under EC-GSP: Strategic Response from Short and Medium Term Perspectives (November, 2000).

Paper 11: Seeking Fair Market Access for Bangladesh Apparels in the USA: A Strategic View (October 2000).

Paper 12: Third UN Conference on the LDCs: Making It work for Bangladesh. (November, 2000)
 

Dialogue Report Series

Year 2003-March 2004

Report No. 57 :Doha Declaration on WTO-TRIPS and Public Health: What is in it for Bangladesh? (March, 2003)

Report No. 55: Coping with Post-MFA Challenges: Strategic Response for Bangladesh RMG Sector (January 2003)

2002

Report No. 43: Making the UNLDC III Work for Bangladesh: A Civil Society Perspective (January, 2002)

Report No. 44 :WTO Doha Ministerial: Advancing Bangladesh’s Interest (February, 2002)

Report No. 46: Post Doha Consultation (March, 2002)

Report No. 48: WTO and Negotiation on Agriculture (May, 2002)

2001

Report No. 41:Poverty Reduction and Globalisation (May, 2001)

2000

Report No. 17: Setting the Agenda for WTO Ministerial Meeting: The Bangladesh Perspective (December 1999).

Report No.22: Small and Big Players in Trading Blocs: Canada’s Experience with NAFTA (April 2000).

Report No. 25: SAARC: Present and Future (May, 2000).

Report No. 31: Poverty Alleviation Strategies: National Priorities and Donors' Perspectives (September, 2000).

Report no. 38: Implementation of WTO ATC: Current Status and Implications for Bangladesh (December 2000).

Report No. 32: Bangladesh-EU Development Partnership: Emerging Challenges in the Context of Globalisation (September, 2000)

Collaborative Research Papers

2003

·         Rules of Origin: Concerns and Interests of the LDCs

·         Changing WTO Rules and Their Implications for Bangladesh and Other LDCs

·         Trade Facilitation Negotiations in the WTO: Implications for Bangladesh and Other Least Developed Countries

2002

·         TRIPs and Its Implications for Bangladeshi Pharmaceutical Industry

·         Energy Sector and Trade Agreements: A Bangladeshi Perspective

·         Market Access of Bangladeshi Products to Canada: Prospects of Export Diversification


Dialogues and Seminars

 Year 2003-March 2004

·         Post Doha Marginalisation of LDC Concerns (Cancun, Mexico, September 12, 2003)

·         Cancun WTO Ministerial: An Ex-Post Assessment (October 02, 2003)

·         WTO Rules on Dispute Settlement: Concerns and Strategies for Bangladesh (January 26, 2004)

 Year 2002

·         Post-Doha Consultation (January, 2002)

·         Coping with Post- MFA Challenges: Strategic Response for Bangladesh RMG Sector (May 04, 2002)

·         Doha Declaration on WTO-TRIPS and Public Health: What is in it for Bangladesh? (December 15, 2002)

·         WTO and Environment  (December 20, 2002)

Year 2001

·         WTO and Multilateral Investment Agreements (March 2001, in collaboration with DCCI)

·         Bangladesh’s Agenda for the Third UN LDC Conference: A Civil Society Perspective (April 2001)

·         Development of Backward Linkage Industries in the Textile Sector – Promises and Achievements [May 28, 2001, In collaboration with BTMA)

·         National Policy Forum on “Trade and Industry” (August, 2001)

·         WTO Doha Ministerial: Advancing Bangladesh’s Interests (October, 2001)

·         The WTO Negotiations on Agriculture (November, 2001)

Year 2000

·         Small and Big Players in Regional Trading Blocs: Canada's Experience with NAFTA (April, 2000)

·         Implications of MFA Phase –out on the Future Performance of Bangladesh’s Apparel Sector [May, 2000]

·         Making the Special and Differential Provisions of WTO Agreements Effective for the Least Developed Countries: Perspectives from Bangladesh

·         Implications of USA TDA2000 for Bangladesh's Export of RMG to US Market (June, 2000)

·         Implementation of WTO-ATC: Current Status and Implications for Bangladesh (September, 2000)

·         The Role of the Private Sector in Future Multilateral Trade negotiations (September, 2000)

·         Poverty Alleviation in Bangladesh in the Era of Globalisation: Future Challenges in Light of Past Experiences (October 2000)

·         Efficacy of Export-led Growth Strategies: Opportunities and Challenges (October, 2000)

·         The Impact of Globalisation on Government (October, 2000)

·         Multilateral Trading System and Implications for Developing Countries (November, 2000)

Policy Advisories

GOB Expert Groups where Core Staff of CPD’s TPA Programme was Invited to be Members

·         Advisory Council of The Minister for Commerce

·         Advisory Committee on WTO

·         Expert Group on SAPTA Fourth Round Negotiation set up by the Ministry of Commerce

·         Expert Group on FTA in the BIMSTEC Region set up by the Ministry of Commerce

·         Committee on SAARC Cumulation set up by the Prime Ministers Office

·         Committee on Bangladesh Strategies for Forthcoming Negotiations in the WTO set up by the Ministry of Commerce

·         Committee on Development of Bangladesh’s IT set up by the Ministry of Commerce

·         Expert Committee constituted by the Government of Bangladesh to evaluate the design of country strategy as regards Regional Cumulation under the SAARC

·         Working Committee 1 of The Minister for Commerce on WTO Rules

·         Working Committee 2 of The Minister for Commerce on Service Sector

·         BIMSTEC Committee of The Minister for Commerce on Identification of products for the negative list under the BIMSTEC Free Trade Area

·         Working Committee 3 of The Minister for Commerce on TRIPs

·         Working Committee 5 of The Minister for Commerce on Agriculture

Participation in Regional and International Programme

  • Dr. Khondaker Golam Moazzem, Research Fellow, CPD participated in a workshop on "Asian Regional Workshop on Bilateral Free Trade Agreements" held on 26-28 August, 2005 in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, which was organized by the Third World Network. The workshop mainly focused on such issues as investment, services, government procurement and intellectual property rights.

  • Dr. Fahmida Akter Khatun, Senior Research Fellow, CPD participated in a Conference titled “Agenda of Hong Kong Ministerial: Challenges for South Asia” organised jointly by Research and Information System for Developing Countries (RIS), IUCN-Asia and FICCI. The focus of the conference was to examine the prospects and challenges for developing countries in Hong Kong Ministerial, discuss the July approximations and analyse trade, conservation and development related issues, particularly from a South Asian perspective. The conference was held on 11-12 August, 2005 in New Delhi, India.

  • Professor Mustafizur Rahman, Research Director, CPD has attended a Conference on Globalisation and Labour Standards held in Wilton Park, United Kingdom. The conference took place from 30 May to 4 June, 2005.

  • Mr. Syed Saifuddin Hossain, Research Associate, CPD has participated in "ARTNet Trade Facilitation Research Team Meeting” from May 25 – 27, 2005 in Bangkok, Thailand. He also attended the UNCTAD-UNESCAP Round Table on Trade Facilitation at the United Nations Conference Centre (UNCC), Bangkok. 

  • Dr. Uttam Kumar Deb, Research Fellow, CPD presented a paper on Liberalization of Rice Market in Bangladesh: Impact on Production, Import and Food Security at the South Asia Regional Conference of International Association of Agricultural Economists (IAAE) on "Globalization of Agriculture in South Asia: Has it made a Difference to Rural Livelihoods?" The conference was held in Hyderabad (India) on 23-25 March 2005.

·         Mr. Shubhasish Barua and Mr. Narayan Chandra Das, Programme Associates, CPD Participated in a Capacity Building Workshop on Trade Research" organized by the UNESCAP in cooperation with UNCTAD and WTO during  March 22-25 2005, Bangkok, Thailand.

  • Dr. Ananya Raihan, Research Fellow, CPD attended a Seminar on Achieving SAFTA: Public-Private Partnership held on December 15-16, 2004 at New Delhi, India.

  • Dr. Uttam Kumar Deb, Research Fellow, CPD presented a paper on Bangladesh Rice Industry: Import Trends and the Impact of Policy on Rice at the “World Rice Commerce” 2004 held on November 17-19, 2004 at Bangkok, Thailand

  • Professor Mustafizur Rahman, Research Director, CPD participated at a discussion on The Role of Trade and Investment Policies in the Implementation of the Monterrey Consensus held on October 26-27, 2004 at Bangkok, Thailand.

  • Dr. Ananya Raihan, Research Fellow, CPD participated at a seminar on The Phase-out of the Multi-fibre Agreement: Policy Options and Opportunities for Asia held on October 6-7, 2004 at Bangkok, Thailand.

  • Mr. Asif Anwar, Programme Associate, CPD attended the South Asian Youth Invitation Program 2004 by the invitation of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Japan as young trade specialist, from 24 September to 5 October, 2004. The seminar focused on strengthening the cooperation between South Asia and Japan.

  • Dr. Ananya Raihan, Research Fellow, CPD presented a paper on MFA Phase Out: Bangladesh’s Perspective at the Regional Symposium on Trade in Textiles: Beyond 2005 held on September 14, 2004 at Mumbai, India.

  • Professor Mustafizur Rahman, Research Director, CPD participated at the Globalisation Studies Network (GSN) held on August 18-21, 2004 at University of Warwick, UK.

  • Dr. Uttam Kumar Deb, Research Fellow, CPD presented a paper at the WTO Post-Cancun Developments: Options for South Asia held on August 17-19, 2004 at Islamabad, Pakistan.

  • Dr. Fahmida A. Khatun, Research Fellow, CPD presented a paper on What Strategies in South Asia Can Achieve Rapid Economic Growth? at the “South Asia Forum IV: The New Security Agenda in South Asia” held on July 5-9, 2004 at Wilton Park, UK.

  • Dr. Debapriya Bhattacharya, Executive Director, CPD made a presentation on ‘Least Developed Countries in Trade Negotiations: Policy Process and Information Needs’ at the Ad Hoc Group Meeting on Enhancing Access to Information Sources for Negotiating under the Doha Development Agenda held on June 23-25, 2004 at Bangkok, Thailand.

  • Professor Mustafizur Rahman, Research Director, CPD made a presentation on ‘OECD Policies Towards Development of Developing Countries: Learning from East Asia, Lessons for South Asia’ at the Experts Seminar on Impact and Coherence of OECD Country Policies on Asian Developing Economies, held in Paris, France During June 10- 12, 2004.

·         CPD Executive Director Dr Debapriya Bhattacharya presented a paper on Least Developed Countries in Trade Negotiations: Policy Process and Information Needs during the Ad Hoc Group Meeting on Enhancing Access to Information Sources for Negotiating under the Doha Development Agenda. Organised by the UNESCAP, the event was held during June 23-25, 2004 in Bangkok, Thailand.

·         Dr Debapriya Bhattacharya participated in a Workshop on Orientation and Preparation Discussion for the Regional Trade Policy Course in Hong Kong, China. Organised by the WTO and University of Hong Kong, the workshop was held during May 10-12, 2004 in Geneva, Switzerland.

·         Dr Ananya Raihan presented a paper on Temporary Movement of Natural Persons: Making Liberalisation in Services Trade Work for Poor at the 6th Annual Bankers' Conference on Development Economics (ABCDE) held in Brussels, Belgium during May 10-11, 2004. The conference was jointly organised by the World Bank, Government of Belgium, and Belgium Development Cooperation. 

·         Dr Fahmida A Khatun, Research Fellow, CPD presented a paper on Trade Related Capacity Building and Policy Influencing: Experience of CPD at the Afro-Asian Civil Society Seminar on From Cancun to Sao Paulo: The Role of Civil Society in the International Trading System, held during 13-15 April 2004 at in New Delhi, India.

·         Dr. Debapriya Bhattacharya presented a paper titled Multilateralism at Risk at the EU-LDC Network Annual Conference. The conference was held in Brussels, Belgium during April 2-3, 2004.

·         Ananya Raihan, Research Fellow, CPD  Presented a paper titled Agreement on South Asian Free Trade Area: LDC Perspective at a seminar organised by the Lahore Chamber of Commerce and Industry (LCCI) in collaboration with the SAARC Chamber of Commerce and Industry (SCCI). The event took place on February 16, 2004 in Lahore.

·         Dr. Debapriya Bhattacharya and Research Director Prof. Mustafizur Rahman attended Regional Workshop on Trade Capacity Building: Private Sector Development in Asia held during December 2-3, 2003 at Phnom Penh, Cambodia. The workshop was organised by the Organisation for economic Cooperation and Development (OECD), Paris, France, where Bhattacharya presented a paper on Trade Related capacity Building: Nature of the Problems, Recent Efforts and Outstanding Agenda.

·         Dr. Ananya Raihan attended a Conference on Post Cancun Agenda for South Asia held during November 30- December 02, 2003 in Kathmandu, Nepal. Raihan presented a paper on Non-Agricultural Market Access in a seminar organised by South Asia Watch on Trade, Economics and Environment (SAWTEE), Nepal.

·         Dr. fahmida Akhter Khatun, Research Fellow, CPD participated in a seminar on Third regional Consultation on Farmers' Rights: Protecting Farmers' rights in post Cancun Global Trading Order at Hotel Trans Asia, Colombo, Sri Lanka during November 8-9, 2003. Khatun Presented a paper on SPS (Sanitary and Phyto Sanitary) Agreement as a barrier to Trade: A case Study of Bangladesh.

·         Dr. Debapriya Bhattacharya attended The Forum on Exploring the Implementation of Living Wages in Today's Global Economy jointly Organised by Fair Labor Association in cooperation with Schell Centre for International Human Rights, Yel Law School' Centre for the Study of Human Rights; and SIPA Human Rights Concentration, Columbia University during October 19-20, 2003 at new York, USA. Bhattacharya gave a lecture on Labor Standard and Trade. 

·         As part of the TPA programme a three-member delegation from the Centre for Policy Dialogue (CPD) participated at the Fifth Ministerial Meeting of the WTO held in Cancun, Mexico during September 10-14, 2003. The members of the CPD delegation were Dr Debapriya Bhattacharya, Executive Director, CPD, Professor Mustafizur Rahman, Research Director, CPD and Dr. Ananya Raihan, Research Fellow, CPD. The CPD delegation members participated in various activities which were organised in Cancun to advance LDC interest in the context of the WTO Ministerial.

·         Under the TPA Programme a CPD team comprising five CPD core staffs and Fellows will visit Geneva in October 2002 to get an in-depth knowledge on issues of critical interest to Bangladesh

·         Dr. Ananya Raihan, Research Fellow of CPD Presented a paper on E-Commerce and Trade, Current Limitations (Customs and Logistics) in Islamabad, Pakistan on September 18-19, 2002, organised by UNCTAD Geneva, UNDP Pakistan and Ministry of Science and Technology, Pakistan.

·         Professor Mustafizur Rahman, Research Director of CPD, gave two lectures in the seminars in Beijing and Shanghai. on “LDCs Integration into WTO” and “Impact of China’s Accession for Bangladesh’s Export-Oriented RMG Sector”

·         Participation of Dr. Debapriya Bhattacharya in the WTO Doha Ministerial Meeting held in Doha on November 9-13, 2001 as a member of official delegation.
10.6. Debriefing about the outcome of the Doha Ministerial to the LMG Group and EU representatives In Bangladesh

·         Sharing the insights attained the in the UN LDC Conference from the WTO Ministerial with Bangladeshi stakeholders in the annual CTPL Technical Trade Policy Workshop held in Dhaka in November 2001

·         Participation of Dr. Debapriya Bhattacharya and Professor Mustafizur Rahman in various global fora organized by UNCTAD and UNESCAP in connection with preparatory work for the UN Conference III on LDCs.

·         Participation of Dr. Debapriya Bhattacharya and Professor Mustafizur Rahman in a special NGO Forum which preceded the official UN LDC Meeting held during 10-12 May, 2001.

·         Participation of Dr. Debapriya Bhattacharya, Executive Director, CPD and Professor Mustafizur Rahman, Research Director, CPD at the UN LDC III Conference held in Brussels in 14-20 May, 2001 to represent the country at the Conference.

Geneva Tracking Mission
Fourth Ministerial Meeting of the WTO and Issues of Interest to Bangladesh to More Meaningfully Participate in the Ongoing Negotiations in Geneva
WTO Ministerial Meeting
 Trade Policy Appreciation Workshop
 
2005     2003    2002     2001   2000

Risk and Opportunities of Liberalising Trade in services 

CPD completed a research study on Opportunities and Risks of Liberalising Trade in Services: Country Study on Bangladesh, which was prepared by a team which included Dr Ananya Raihan, Research Fellow, CPD and Mr Mabroor Mahmood, Research Associate, CPD. The objective of the research was to determine the potential opportunities and risks of liberalising Bangladesh’s select service sectors i.e. telecommunication, education, and temporary movement of natural persons, and provide negotiating guidelines for the government in the upcoming WTO negotiations. The research was commissioned in collaboration with the International Centre for Trade and Sustainable Development (ICTSD), Geneva, Switzerland.

Pre-Cancun Policy support to the Ministry of Commerce

The following policy briefs were prepared in collaboration with the EC/UNCTAD as part of the project on Pre-Cancun Trade Related Technical Assistance for the Think Tanks, which was initiated by the EU to support trade policy making capacities of the GOB in the context of the then forthcoming Cancun Ministerial:

·         Post-Doha Negotiations on Agreement on Agriculture: Issues of Concern and Interest for Bangladesh

·         Market Access Issues in the Context of the Doha Development Round: Bangladesh’s Interests and Concerns

·         Trade and Transfer of Technology in the Two Agreements: Bangladesh’s Interests and Concerns

·         The Issues of Trade, Debt and Finance in the WTO: Bangladesh’s Interests and Concerns

·         Agreement on Agriculture: Ongoing Negotiations and Bangladesh’s Strategy

Pre- Hong Kong LDC Civil Society Forum Initiative

Keeping in mind the upcoming WTO Ministerial Conference in Hong Kong a five-member team of experts from the Centre for Policy Dialogue (CPD) led by the Executive Director of the Centre, visited Geneva during May 16-25, 2005 on a WTO tracking mission. The purpose of this visit was to have hands on understanding as regards the ongoing WTO negotiations in Geneva with respect to the Doha Development Round Agenda.

In connection with the forthcoming WTO Ministerial Meeting in Hong Kong in December 2005 and as part of its activism to promote and advance the interests and concerns of Least Developed Countries (LDCs) in the ongoing negotiations under the Doha Development Agenda, the CPD organised a Civil Society Forum in Dhaka, Bangladesh titled Pre-Hong Kong International LDC Civil Society Forum, which was held on 3-5 October 2005. The Conference adopted the Dhaka Declaration. (more on the forum in http://www.cpd-bangladesh.org/ldc2.html)

MFA Phase-out and Livelihood Concern 

CPD also completed a study on the Phase Out of the Multi Fibre Arrangement (MFA) and Its Implications for Bangladesh during the period. The study was conducted under the leadership of Professor Mustafizur Rahman, Research Director, CPD. The findings of the study was later disseminated through a dialogue titled Surviving In A Quota-free World: Will Bangladesh Make It? on March 18, 2004. The dialogue was organised in association with the Citibank NA.